Future Of Fabrics Nonwoven


Usually people consider textile fabrics as the common categorization such as woven, knitted, braided or tufted constructions. They commonly abandon nonwoven fabrics form the textile group. In the conventional fabric, the fibre is first made into yarns; on the other hand, nonwovens are manufactured sheets or webs directionally or randomly orientated fibres, bonded through resistance, solidity or sticking together into a fabric.

The demands for fabrics have increased sharply. Conventional textiles are not able to meet the production cost and higher cost of upgradation along with demanding consumers in new fields of consumption. With better customization of characteristics into the fabric and appropriateness to certain end uses being advantages, nonwovens have emerged rapidly as the fabrics of the future.

Nonwoven fabrics presents many advantages over conventional fabrics, the clearest benefit is cost savings. In recent couple of years the nonwoven industry has emerged at a rapid speed, offering a huge range of products to several diversified fields. Conversely, nonwoven fabrics hold some natural characteristics, which led them to be counted for non-usable in certain applications. At present, many research and development has been conducted on enhancing the characteristics of nonwoven fabrics. Nonwovens are also entering into some astonishing fields, with making its mark in fashion apparel also.

Currently, three fibers lead the worldwide market:

Polypropylene (synthetic 63 percent)

Polyester (synthetic 23 percent)

Cellulosic staple fiber (natural-based 8 percent)

Manufacturing Process

To manufacture a nonwoven fabric, first a web is made, and then it is tied (bonded together) to give strength. Usually, Nonwoven fabrics are made from two processes, a one-step or two-step.

One-step process: In this process, the formation of web and bonding is conducted continuously. The processes, spunbond and melt blown are considered under one-step.

Spunbond process: The thermoplastic fibers are extruded via a spinneret, and then is it spread on a conveyor belt to make a web. Following the process, the web is bonded by passing it through two calendar rollers.

Melt blown process: The thermoplastic fibers are driven onto a collector screen to make a web. The combination of fibers fixing and snaring, results bonding.

3pl’s: Should I Select An Asset Or Non Asset Company?

If you are not sure of what a 3PL provider is then allow me a moment to elucidate it simply. A third party logistics servive or 3pl as they are referred to is a organization that serves as a mediator between a business that does plenty of freight with the trucking carriers. Why would you even think about doing this? It is as easy as this, the knowledge, improved pricing and service. A 3pl gives the opportunity to a small business that ordinarily would not get decent shipping discounts from the LTL shippers to now be in a position to play on an even playing field with some of its large competitors. I guess you can describe it as “Sams Club” pricing for shipping and transportation costs.

Now that we comprehend what a 3PL is… should your organization work with an asset based or a non asset based 3pl? Let’s talk about these one at a time so that you feel comfortable moving forward.

Asset Based 3PL

An asset based 3pl owns many transportation management �assets�. Their assets may include anything that is pertaining with supply chain management, including technology systems, truck fleets, vehicles, airplanes, warehousing facilities, warehousing equipment, forklifts etc. As a result you would be restricted to using the assets that this third party logistics company provides. True their suggestions will save you money, but here is the real question to think about: How do I truly know I am getting the best value available out there?

This conflict of interests raises another issue when it comes to handling claims resolution if they are using their own trucks and equipment. What would you do if you had a claim on damaged freight, would you feel comfortable knowing that your claim would be handled in the shortest time and reimbursed for the highest value possible?

Non Asset Based 3PL

This 3PL performs all of the duties of a third party logistics team such as quoting freight, booking pickups and deliveries, routing, and auditing, but doesn’t invest in all of the transportation assets that an asset based 3PL would own. Instead, this type of 3PL usually possesses only desks, computers, and freight industry expertise. It is understandable to see why they are referred to as �transportation consultants�.

Here is something to think about, since a non asset based 3pl is not restricted to using any particular warehouse or trucking firm and generally have no ties to carriers, they are now free to use their experience and knowledge of the transportation market to negotiate the best deal for your business. Negotiations will be done with the top value oriented carriers that meet your needs and then you get to decide which carriers to team up with.

Since there is no conflict of interests here, there is also no fear about handling any claims that you might have either. Now you can see why many corporations choose to work with a non-asset based 3pl. They value that they now have the unlimited freedom to choose the service providers that best meet their needs.